Omanis Converted by Force?


Here is the text of the message the Prophet Mohammad sent to the Julanda brothers through the intermediary of his Messengers, ‘Amr bin al-‘As al-Sahmi and Abu Zaid al-Ansari.

“Peace be upon the one who follows the right path! I call you to Islam. Accept my call, and you shall be unharmed. I am God’s Messenger to mankind, and the word shall be carried out upon the miscreants. If, therefore, yourecognize Islam, I shall bestow power upon you. But if you refuse to accept Islam, your power shall vanish, my horses shall camp on the expanse of your territory and my prophecy shall prevail in your kingdom.”

This letter appeared on answering-islam web site.


I seriously doubt the authenticity of this letter. Here are my reasons:

There is a Hadith narrated by the son of ‘Amr bin al-‘As which contradicts the spirit of this letter.

Volume 6, Book 60, Number 362:

Narrated Abdullah bin Amr bin al-As:

This Verse: ‘Verily We have sent you (O Muhammad) as a witness, as a bringer of glad tidings and as a warner.’ (48.8) Which is in the Qur’an, appears in the Surah thus: ‘Verily We have sent you (O Muhammad) as a witness, as a bringer of glad tidings and as a warner, and as a protector for the illiterates (i.e., the Arabs.) You are my slave and My Apostle, and I have named you Al-Mutawakkil (one who depends upon Allah). You are neither hard-hearted nor of fierce character, nor one who shouts in the markets. You do not return evil for evil, but excuse and forgive. Allah will not take you unto Him till He guides through you a crooked (curved) nation on the right path by causing them to say: “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.” With such a statement He will cause to open blind eyes, deaf ears and hardened hearts.’

In the answering.islam web site, they have published a picture of this alleged letter from Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w). If one compares this litter with the one that Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) had sent to the ruler of Bahrain, he or she can see the clear difference in handwriting. Notice also the floral border design in the Omani letter, which was clearly a later development and started as a result of Persian influence. Here is a link to both letters:

To Bahrain:

To Oman:

A few letters that prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) sent to foreign rulers, for

which history provides some evidence, include letters to Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantines (Eastern Roman Empire); Chosroes II (Emperor of Persian Empire); Negus, King of Abyssinia; Muqawqis, Ruler of Egypt; Harith Gassani, Governor of Syria; and al-Mundhir bin Sawa, Ruler of Bahrain. There is no historical evidence to suggest that prophet Muhammad ever sent a letter to the rulers of Oman. The answering-islam web site quotes historian Baladhuri as saying the following: “When the people of Oman shall have responded to the evidence of truth and shall have promised obedience to God and His prophet, then Amr, their Amir, and Abu Zayid would be made responsible for conducting the prayers, for conveying Islam to the people and for teaching them the Quran and the precepts of the religion.” This statement does not say anything about prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) ever sending a letter to Oman. Furthermore, Baladhuri’s statement implies that Amr is “their Amir,” which is not true. Even Omanis who claim that

Amr bin al-As brought a letter say that the two ruling brother who converted. Baladhuri’s statement, if true, implies no pressure on the people of Oman. It simply says that “when the people of Oman shall have responded to the evidence of truth” _ meaning that when they convert out of their own free will.

Even if this letter is accurate, all it says is that if the Julanda brothers

refuse to accept Islam, their power shall vanish, and they may be conquered by Muslim armies. It doesn’t say that their people will be forced to convert.


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