Homosexuality is a mental illness. From what I have been able to find: “Up to 1973 the Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) did include ego-syntonic (comfortable with orientation) homosexuality as a mental disorder. The reason it was dropped was not a change in scientific or medical thinking, but that homosexual activists besieged and disrupted psychiatric meetings and intensely harrassed and abused psychiatrists. For instance, psychiatrist Nelson Borelli was at the 1972 APA convention, and noted the following in the BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL: ‘I was there in San Francisco at the 1972 APA convention when the “Gay and Lesbian” activists forced the APA leadership to promise to drop ‘Homosexuality’ from the diagnostic manual or else there would be no APA Convention. Not only the scandal they were causing, but the activists had gained control of the infrastructure of the convention building. The APA kept the promise.”‘
THE OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATON OF GAY AND LESBIAN PSYCHIATRISTS REPORTED : “Following the Stonewall riots of 1969, gay activist groups began to besiege the APA for its position that homosexuality was a mental disorder. At a 1970 APA meeting in San Francisco, activists slipped in. Once inside, they both verbally attacked the late Irving Bieber at one meeting and disrupted another devoted to aversive conditioning of “sexual deviation.” In response to the protest, the APA decided to open up its doors. In the following year, and for the first time, a panel of openly gay men and women spoke directly to psychiatrists at the 1971 annual meeting in Washington, D.C. Despite the APA overture, however, there were still protests at that meeting. Gay activists disrupted the Convocation of the Fellows, grabbed the microphone and declared “war” on psychiatry. They also entered the exhibition hall and demanded the removal of an exhibitor’s booth promoting aversive conditioning for the “treatment” of homosexuality. The following year’s 1972 APA convention in Dallas was not marked by disruption. Instead, it featured, for the first time, a booth in the exhibition hall entitled, “Gay, Proud and Healthy.””
As far as I can remember, it was the TV program “Soap” in the seventies which gave homosexuality social acceptance. What we do in this country is that first we present somebody as a “victim” then we start accepting their lifestyle as normal. What if the pedophylliacs start complaining that they are being mistreated by society and what they are doing is “natural ” for them. Should we accept their lifestyle too?
In the case of Lot, the entire town had adopted homosexuality, so it could not possibly have been natural. It had become a social practice–done for fun. And that’s why God condemned it.
Islam is not against homosexuality per se. There is NO punishment for homosexuality but there is for sodomy. And that is why, lesbianism, though sinful, is NOT a crime in Islamic shariah.
1.We need to recognize that the great fuqu’ah and ulema have disagreed over this issue. If that is so, why not give benefit of the doubt to the accused?
2. Although homosexuality is a sin in Islam, it is not a crime by itself unless it is accompanied by sodomy, witnessed by four people or proven otherwise.
3. The only source that supports the death penalty argument are couple of Hadiths quoted in Sunan Abu Dawud, which were then copied by Tirmidhi (reported through Ibn Abbas). But one has to be very skeptical about these Hadiths, none of which were picked up or considered reliable by other narrators.
4. Malik also reports in Muwatta that, “he asked Ibn Shihab about someone who committed sodomy. Ibn Shihab says, ‘He is to be stoned, whether or not he is a muhsan.” If you read the entire Hadith, it was about a woman, who was stoned, so it’s possible that it is she who was sodomized in an adultery case. That’s different from homosexuality, and Ibn Shihab could simply have been expressing just his opinion. By all accounts, the early Companions were not sure how to deal with this problem.
5. Abu Hanifa left the punishment up to the discretion of a judge. (If the Hadiths in Abu Dawud were well known and credible, why would Abu Hanifa rule otherwise?) Some, Hanafi ulema later thought that on second conviction there should be death penalty, but they were in a minority. Imam Shafi’i simply considered it a case of ‘zina.’ He thought that the death penalty should only be given if the sodomizer is married. Most people see that opinion as Imam Shafi’I ijtehad and not something that is based on Quran and Sunnah.
6. In most Muslim countries—especially where there are more Hanafis, and they are the majority among Muslims, there is no death penalty for homosexuality. Most people are jailed for overt expressions of homosexual behaviour but are then released.