Black Stone or Hajr-Aswad

Muslims consider Hajr Aswad (the Black Stone), affixed to one corner of Kaaba, precious is because it is the only surviving piece of the original Kaaba built by Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) and also the only stone from Prophet Muhammad’s time. The Kaaba has been rebuilt numerous times; however, the Black Stone was touched by three great prophets: Prophet Abraham, Prophet Ishmael and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon them). What is of consideration is love, not worship (there is a big difference between the two.) By touching the Black Stone, a Muslim is affirming his or her spiritual and emotional connection with the great prophets in a tangible manner.

According to all historical accounts and also written about by ancient historian Ibn Ishaq, Prophet Abraham built the Ka’aba with his son Ishmael. According to legends, the children of Ishmael continued to worship One true God until the time of Amr b. Luhayy b. Qam’a b. Khindiff who was the first to start the worshipping of idols. About him Prophet Muhammad once said, “I saw Amr b. Luhayy dragging his intestines in hell, and when I asked him about those who lived between his time and mine he said that they had perished…He was the first to change the religion of Ishmael, to set up idols, and institute the custom of the bahira, sa’iba, wasila, and hami.” Mecca is also called Bekka in the Quran (verse 48:24), and that was the acceptable alternative pronunciation. The usual word Mecca also
appears only once in the Quran (3:96). Incidentally, the town name Bakka also appears in the Bible and was mentioned by Prophet David in Psalm 84:6. The Bible says, “Who passing through the Valley of Baca make it a well, the rain also filleth the pools.” The well here is Zam-Zam which is still found in Mecca and its water is still used by the pilgrims.

As Baagil has pointed out, in other Biblical verses, “Kedar” is synonymous with “Arab” in general, as in Ezekiel 27:21: “Arabia, and all the Princes of Kedar …” And the Bible says, “All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee. They shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.” The tribes of Kedar (Arabia) who were divided were then united. “The house of my glory,” referred here to the House of Allah in Makkah and not the Church of Christ as thought by Christian commentators. It is a fact that the villages of Kedar (now the whole of Saudi Arabia at least) are located
in the only country in the world that remains impenetrable to the Church’s influence.

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